As part of Operation Herrick, B Squadron of the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards was deployed to Afghanistan between 2008 and 2009. The Squadron was split into two troops, serving with the Parachute Regiment near Sangin and the Queen's Royal Lancers in Helmand province. The regiment was equipped with Scimitar armoured vehicles and Viking troop carriers.
A larger contingent of Scots Dragoon Guards returned to Helmand in April 2011. On its final tour in 2013 the regiment was stationed in the Afghan capital Kabul. During these tours Scots Dragoon Guards performed a variety of functions, including infantry, convoy escort and training the Afghan National Army.